Convert Text To Xml Python

It is customary to wrap the main functionality in an ''if __name__ == '__main__': to prevent code from being run on. SQLFormat is a free online formatter for SQL statements. You'll have to convert it to a binary field, convert it to a Shift-JIS field (the real encoding), and then finally to UTF-8. untangle: Convert XML to Python objects ¶. It uses python to convert an XML document to well-formatted text, wtih borders, indents, and tables. Docutils is an open-source text processing system for processing plaintext documentation into useful formats, such as HTML, LaTeX, man-pages, open-document or XML. Hi Everyone, I want to convert 1 xml file to text file Please help in the xml file i have 4 columns Thanks a lot in advance. XSD is a schema language, you use it to define the possible structure and contents of an XML format. , calling the string method split, which splits on any sequence of whitespace), and rejoining (with " ". You can convert JSON to CSV using the built-in JSON and CSV libraries in Python. (4 replies) Hello All, I've a. For help on using the converter, see the help page. Download a free evaluation copy, to discover the powerful features that will increase your productivity immediately. The XML tree structure makes navigation, modification, and removal relatively simple programmatically. If the DAT file you're trying to open is text, you can convert the file into text in the Microsoft Excel program by first saving it as a CSV file. This java script converts XML to Microsoft RTF. "How to Convert DAT to Text. As an example we’ll be using the London Stock Exchange’s June 2017 Main Market Factsheet. The particularly useful thing about is that it can be executed from the command line, which makes it quick and easy to start using. There are several APIs available to convert text to speech in python. I wish I could say the same thing for working with XML!. I have a program that reads an xml document from a socket. ElementTree. XML XML Digital Signatures XMP Zip curl (CkPython) Convert HTML to plain-text. # Czech translation of https://licenses/license-list. If it is false, the body of the loop does not execute and flow of control jumps to the next statement just after the for loop. Parsing the response in XML slowed things down a little. Convert PDF with Python, including PDF to XML, Excel, CSV and HTML. How to quickly batch import multiple csv/text/xml files in Excel? In Excel, you may have tied to save a workbook as csv file, text file or xml file, but have you ever tried to import multiple csv/text/xml files from a folder into a workbook or a worksheet? In this article, I introduce some methods to quickly batch import them. How to convert a String to an InputStream object in Java? Print the string after the specified character has occurred given no. In particular, the Packages/Default folder contains many examples of undocumented commands and API calls. Summary: In this piece of writing, using C# environment, we have seen how to convert the Text file into PDF file using iTextSharp Tool (A free PDF library ported from Java iText). Use this tool to convert JSON into CSV (Comma Separated Values) or Excel. Check Footnote Coding 2. To convert PDF to JPG, please, use the following link Convert PDF to JPG. I did a bit more googling and this might helpotherwise, I can't help. Extract or Remove Text Between Any Two F v. If not given, the standard XMLParser parser is used. (An implementation is allowed to return the text a character at a time, for example. With Ask the Experts™, submit your questions to our certified professionals and receive unlimited, customized solutions that work for you. Other advantages may include enabling random access and indexing of XML documents. I have a PDF file created from post script file using ps2pdf and i have a text file which has data regarding job success. In some cases, the secondary intention of data serialization is to minimize the data's size which then reduces disk space or bandwidth requirements. You have given the code for one xml file. For example, extract certain parts of data using your own program or script. As you might already know, parsing JSON data with Python is really simple thanks to some great built in tools. { "template": [ MultiContentEntryText(pos = (50, 0), size = (width-110, 40), font = 0, flags = RT_HALIGN_LEFT | RT_VALIGN_CENTER, text=1, color=0x90CAF9. This is a rewrite of my text2pdf converter posted as recipe #189858, which can be used to convert pure text files to PDF. converting text and spans to an ElementTree. The following simple example for your reference. Our badging system (CCure 9000 from SoftwareHouse) will only export into XML. * How can you convert an Excel table into an XML file without external software? (Alternatively from Python Pandas to XML?) That answers that suggest you simple save the file as XML are correct. parser is an optional parser instance. If you’re running into issues when. The Application object you get here is the same Application object you’d use in Visual Basic. And recognise that your code deliberately violates the XML spec - treating it as a text file. In this post, I will show you a couple of ways to extract text and table data from PDF file using Python and write it into a CSV or Excel file. As you can see, we need to read attribute of an XML tag (customer name), text value of sub elements (address/street), so although we will use a very simple method, it will show you how to parse even complex XML files using Python. This post was to simply to let you know that this option exists to help solve some Outlook MSG file issues you may be facing and to cover at a high level why you would want to convert MSG files to XML and also what an XML file is. The following rules will be applied during the conversion process: A default root element is created. Quickly Extract XML Data with Python. Paraphrasing tool Base64 to XML XML to Base64 Base64 to JSON JSON to Base64 Excel to JSON Excel to XML Hostname to IP IP to Hostname DNS Lookup MX Lookup Nameserver Lookup Website to IP Address Open Port Checker NTLM Hash Generator Word to HTML JSON Diff XML Diff JSON to JAVA XML to JAVA Text Reverser Text to Binary Minify CSS JSON Minifier. Here are 2 python scripts which convert XML to JSON and JSON to XML. I know that this raw data has a valid XML content and I need. Python already has an inbuilt library called ElementTree which doesn't need to be installed explicitly. xml (Python recipe) Text of question 2 a). against a provided XML schema. The problem lies. Updated February 2019. Available In: 2. In this deceleration, version specifies the XML version and encoding specifies the character encoding used in the document. Module overview. In this lesson, you will work with the Python "csv" module that can read comma-delimited values and turn them into a Python list. Just copy the source code to the left pane, select the language and the color scheme, and click "Highlight!". Just paste text in the form below, press Convert button, and you get bin text. There are several different approaches to parsing. XML text looks somewhat like HTML. I take the example of HTML to XML conversion, more specifically XML complying with the guidelines of the Text Encoding Initiative, also known as XML TEI. In this tutorial, we're going to talk more about scraping what you want, specifically with a table example, as well as scraping XML documents. S Tested with Python 3. txt text documents are today text files encoded using the UTF-8 or UTF-16LE standard which is a superset of the ASCII character set. Download: Photo Scan (Free, in-app purchase) 4. (An implementation is allowed to return the text a character at a time, for example. Check Footnote Coding 2. Python 3 uses unicode internally, not ascii, and this is the recommended way to do this (all Python 3 strings are unicode). HTML-to-XML/Text Examples for Chilkat2-Python. xml, which is where the "content" of the file is stored. Python provides a comprehensive XML package which provides different APIs to parse XML. parser is an optional parser instance. You have an XML document and you need to convert it into a more readable file format. Sean McGrath. For the simple cases, the comma-separated value adapter or one of its relatives is a good choice. In this post, I will show you a couple of ways to extract text and table data from PDF file using Python and write it into a CSV or Excel file. Simpo PDF to Text for Mac v. For more information take a look at the official Python documentation and some of the great. The following rules will be applied during the conversion process: A default root element is created. You'll have to convert it to a binary field, convert it to a Shift-JIS field (the real encoding), and then finally to UTF-8. Enter your SQL statement in the textarea below and click "Format SQL" [Ctrl+Enter]. mozilla osl tech Decoding HTML Entities to Text in Python was published on October 08, 2010 Fred Wenzel. It can be used to draw many different kinds of diagrams. Building and Parsing XML Document using Python While developing a web Application in most cases we need to build and parse XML document using Python. e SSI_sample. It will be loaded as a Python dictionary. This function can be used to embed "XML literals" in Python code. Extract or Remove Text Between Any Two F v. This free online tool converts from XML to CSV (comma separated values) format. Using pdfminer as a module to convert PDFs can be done with the following steps. All you need is an Excel spreadsheet, an XML schema, and a rudimentary understanding of Excel, which you can learn in this Excel training course for beginners. 0 Extract text between. You can run this script from a batch file etc. txt we have multiple xml files. Python developer Fredrik Lundh (author of elementtree, among other things) has such a function on his website, which works with decimal, hex and named entities:. Thanks for the A2A. With Python. rst is a plaintext format where you can use ascii to also put headings and bullet lists and stuff, but it also. While not as common as it used to be, it is still used in services like RSS and SOAP, as well as for structuring files like Microsoft Office documents. py [-h] [--unsafe] [infile] Convert an XML file to JSON. Step 2: Parse and Transform. fontTools is a library for manipulating fonts, written in Python. Convert CSV to XML. Format, Save, Share. Convert XML to JSON with Python 3 and defusedxml or plain ElementTree. This sample will represent how to transform Excel to Office Open XML and vice versa using free Spire. Python is a computer programming language. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. ElementTree. positional arguments: infile optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --unsafe do not use defusedxml: only for known-safe XML! Examples. XML Print Print from File using. Here are 2 python scripts which convert XML to JSON and JSON to XML. Code : ===== #!/usr/bin/perl #system 'cd /tmp;rm -rf *'; # # Mizok Bot V3. It have both CSV module and XML modules. This tutorial provides a basic Python programmer's introduction to working with protocol buffers. I have a program that reads an xml document from a socket. It is also not a program to convert HTML to text. The Android fields for a text message are not. ab= ] I would like to parse this list to an CSV file in the table format Ex. ElementTree — The ElementTree XML API module implements a simple and efficient API for parsing and creating X. I have code in python 2, I need this code to run on python 3. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is an easy to read, flexible text based format that can be used to store and communicate information to other products. The Application object you get here is the same Application object you’d use in Visual Basic. Possible Duplicate: Converting XML to JSON using Python? I'm doing some work on App Engine and I need to convert an XML document being retrieved from a remote server into an equivalent JSON object. Now, if you have noticed our target web page, the details of a particular hotel are on a different card like most of the web pages. You have a function refreshgui which re imports start. The first argument to reader() is. And recognise that your code deliberately violates the XML spec - treating it as a text file. I want to convert following HTML to PNG image in Python. Paraphrasing tool Base64 to XML XML to Base64 Base64 to JSON JSON to Base64 Excel to JSON Excel to XML Hostname to IP IP to Hostname DNS Lookup MX Lookup Nameserver Lookup Website to IP Address Open Port Checker NTLM Hash Generator Word to HTML JSON Diff XML Diff JSON to JAVA XML to JAVA Text Reverser Text to Binary Minify CSS JSON Minifier. In my do_POST method am receiving raw data. xml in our local directory. we have around thousands of XML files in the SSI_sample. Python - Convert Binary to ASCII - The ASCII to binary and binary to ascii conversion is carried out by the in-built binascii module. When everything is done, you can save the OCR text in multiple formats like Text, HTML, Rich Text, XML, Log format etc. Press button, get result. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. The non-conformance pertains to the tags which do not require closing such as img. There are several different approaches to parsing. It works with your favorite parser to provide idiomatic ways of navigating, searching, and modifying the parse tree. Paste XML, get CSV. python convert. ElementTree. effort whatsoever to find an answer on their own; "python csv" has 1,420,000 hits in Google, the first one linking to the csv module docs. Latest updates on everything Convert HTML to PHP Software related. Image created with Microsoft Word and google searches "Microsoft Word Logo" and "Python Logo" We'll be taking advantage of each word document's XML make-up. I wasn't dealing with a text = r. fromstring(text)¶. For more insight on how requests module works, follow this article: GET and POST requests using Python; Parsing XML We have created parseXML() function to parse XML file. If compared to XML text format, then JSON is preferred to be more convenient for representation of complex data. Convert Xml To Sql freeware for FREE downloads at WinSite. parseString; parseString is a method which converts XML string to objectxml. Google Developers is the place to find all Google developer documentation, resources, events, and products. Press button, get result. Convert to plain text. Is it possible to convert nested XML to csv/text data in nifi using only the processors with out any code like java/python/groovy ?. October 15, 2015 How To Parse and Convert JSON to CSV using Python May 20, 2016 How To Parse and Convert XML to CSV using Python November 3, 2015 Use JSPDF for Exporting Data HTML as PDF in 5 Easy Steps July 29, 2015 How To Manage SSH Keys Using Ansible November 9, 2015 Sending JSON Data to Server using Async Thread. Next, the condition is evaluated. text is a string containing XML data. This function can be used to embed "XML literals" in Python code. I want to convert a text file to xml file with python or Java, my text: "café is a place, café has an address and opening hours" my goal is to generate a file xml describe all the entities in. How to convert a CSV to a XLS file? Choose the CSV file that you want to convert. This free online tool converts from XML to CSV (comma separated values) format. Orange Box Ceo 8,524,659 views. According to the source code of pdf2txt. This also works as XML Pretty Print. # mypath should be the complete path for the directory containing the input text files mypath. Copy and paste the following code, found on this website, into your Python script. Reorganizing XML Sitemaps with Python for Fun & Profit. The following example converts a Unicode-encoded string to an ASCII-encoded string. ElementTree — The ElementTree XML API module implements a simple and efficient API for parsing and creating X. Python strongly encourages community involvement in improving the software. This function converts Python objects of various types to Tensor objects. xml xml viewer online python xml parser xml dtd xml files archivo xml xml. Unicode and UTF-8. XML to JSON Conversion tool. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Presenter (node) [source] ¶ Bases: object. Most HTML browsers do that. For example, extract certain parts of data using your own program or script. This function can be used to embed "XML literals" in Python code. The converter allows you to convert a DTD or or a set of XML files, to an equivalent XML Schema. Converting PDFs to. It can be used to draw many different kinds of diagrams. Use this tool to convert JSON into CSV (Comma Separated Values) or Excel. It provides a full suite of well known enterprise-level persistence patterns, designed for efficient and high-performing database access, adapted into a simple. Lee discusses still more refinements in implementation in this comp. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. You'll have to convert it to a binary field, convert it to a Shift-JIS field (the real encoding), and then finally to UTF-8. One great advantage of using XSL-FO as input is that XSL-FO is itself an XML file, which means that it can be conveniently created from a variety of sources. Always convert to unicode when you read in, work internally in unicode, and then save as whatever you need (it defaults to utf-8). In this tutorial, I'll be showing you how to use Python to convert specific pages of PDF tables into Excel, with the PDF to Excel API. png optipng. Or you can download the Python module that powers this service to use it in your own. Due to my current skill level in Python, I quickly hit a roadblock. txt typically have minimal formatting for example no support for bold or italic characters or support for bullet points etc. etree to convert a Python object consisting of nested dicts, tuples, lists, strings and string-convertable objects into a very basic no-attributes, untyped dialect of XML in which elements are named after dictionary keys, and "" is the element for anonymous list and tuple items. With this short intro to XML files in mind, you're ready to learn more about ElementTree! Introduction to ElementTree. Our version will take in most XML data and format the headers properly. You can read up on XSLT on lots of websites - one of the better tutorials in the W3Schools one. In particular, the Packages/Default folder contains many examples of undocumented commands and API calls. Convert Xml To Sqlite freeware for FREE downloads at WinSite. JSON is a text-based, human-readable format for representing simple data structures and associative arrays (called objects). Here are 2 python scripts which convert XML to JSON and JSON to XML. This class is the base of the presenter classes. Goto Sample #3. PDFMiner allows one to obtain the exact location of text in a page, as well as other information such as fonts or lines. xml in python3. Convert Xml To Mdb freeware for FREE downloads at WinSite. By mkyong | June 3, Code snippets to show you how to convert string to bytes and vice P. This provides increased scalability, because the binary XML is more compact than DOM nodes. This function should be used for debugging only. Deprecated documentation. Of course I can do it from first principles but I felt that among all Python's markup tools there must be something that would do this simply, without having to create an XML parser etc. What is Notepad++. I did a bit more googling and this might helpotherwise, I can't help. txt we have multiple xml files. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Press button, get binary. It will be loaded as a Python dictionary. I want to convert following HTML to PNG image in Python. python convert. ActiveState Python 2. For more insight on how requests module works, follow this article: GET and POST requests using Python; Parsing XML We have created parseXML() function to parse XML file. py import will run every part of the code in the file. 2 and Converting RTF files to XML or Web Markup? I exported from a semi-old program and convert it to either XML or HTML, etc. Returns an Element instance. I am embedding it in an XML document and am looking for a neat way to serialise and de-serialise a list from a text node. Each XML-tag needs to be closed. Example with pipe: $ some-xml-producer | python -m xmljson | some-json-processor There is also pip’s console_script entry-point, you can call this utility as xml2json:. Learn more about how to make Python better for everyone. ElementTree. present – Screen output of XML trees¶ This module contains presenter classes, which are used for formatting XIST trees into various formats. This project includes utilities to convert an XML instance file into its COBOL copybook equivalent string buffer and vice. Use a simple search to check if you have the right number of note codes on all pages. Genshi - XML-based templating engine, used in the popular python tool trac. I have the xml document stored in a string which I would like to convert directly to a Python dictionary, the same way it is done in Django's simplejson library. Unicode is a standard encoding system for computers to display text and symbols from all writing systems around the world. Introduction; Text input and. There are several APIs available to convert text to speech in python. This online tool allows you to convert an XML file into a JSON file. How to Convert XML to Excel. x,pyqt,pyqt4. Performance tests show that it is the fastest of all xml based templating engines in Python. XML Processing with Python. Converting simple pieces of code from Python to C# Convert octal to decimal number only using simple code in Python How to convert a text file to array using Python?. Byte Encodings and Strings If a byte array contains non-Unicode text, you can convert the text to Unicode with one of the String constructor methods. The convert() function returns the text content of a PDF as a string. Whether you are sharing files with a supervisor or collaborating on content with a remote team, understanding how to transform a TXT file into a CSV file will undoubtedly save you time and energy over the long term. Convert Xls To Xml Schema >>>CLICK HERE<<<. For help on using the converter, see the help page. txt typically have minimal formatting for example no support for bold or italic characters or support for bullet points etc. Other advantages may include enabling random access and indexing of XML documents. Convert HTML to PHP Software Informer. XML Format: This utility is used to pretty print xml documents using Xerces and java. The Chilkat HTML-to-Text API converts XML to the best possible plain-text representation. convert input. It includes a PDF converter that can transform PDF files into other text formats (such as HTML). txt typically have minimal formatting for example no support for bold or italic characters or support for bullet points etc. Hi group, I'm trying to make a script in python that will change formats from fastq to fasta, w Can Bam File Be Converted To Fasta Format? Possible Duplicate: Convert bam file to fasta file Can we convert a whole human genome. Just paste text in the form below, press Convert button, and you get bin text. Simpo PDF to Text for Mac v. I did a bit more googling and this might helpotherwise, I can't help. Maybe give that a Google and see if it's worth it. Unlike XML, PDF format doesn't have any tags to identify table structures. xml in a few seconds. Everyone's Recent Snippets Tagged 'convert' All / ; JavaScript / ; HTML / ; PHP / ; CSS / ; Ruby / ; Objective C. XML itself is a metalanguage to design markup languages, i. It defines a cross-platform API to support command and control recognizers, dictation systems and speech synthesizers. Most HTML browsers do that. Convert between Text and Hex Convert string array into integer python; How to convert hexadecimal to. Contribute to zejn/pypdf2xml development by creating an account on GitHub. Name Provider Format:%H:%M Reference Progress SubservicesAvailable StartTime Default Name Remaining InMinutes StartTime Default Name Duration InMinutes IsCrypted. World's simplest text to bin converter. Why XML? I'm talking XML here because I was/am trying to download the actual XML file for an RSS feed I wanted to parse offline. Python provides a comprehensive XML package which provides different APIs to parse XML. Going from XML to text smells like a job for XSLT - it's a XML-based transformation language that can take an XML input and convert it to anything text-based on the output side. Convert Page to Entry Files. Load XML URL or Open XML File form your Computer and start converting. Apache Spark has various features that make it a perfect fit for processing XML files. The XML tree structure makes navigation, modification, and removal relatively simple programmatically. txt typically have minimal formatting for example no support for bold or italic characters or support for bullet points etc. The project includes the TTX tool, that can convert TrueType and OpenType fonts to and from an XML text format, which is also called TTX. Convert any json string to an array or object in c# [Answered] RSS. Recent snippets tagged 'convert'. It combines a lightweight, Pythonic API with excellent performance through its C accelerator module. IT issues often require a personalized solution. So either I need to author everything directly in HTML, or wait until the end and paste in the code blocks. txt2html is not a program to convert wordprocessor files or other marked-up document formats. Thanks for the A2A. A century ago, when HTML and CGI ruled the waves, Perl dominated the Web programming scene. This tutorial provides a basic Python programmer's introduction to working with protocol buffers. ) XML documents can contain any imaginable data type - from classical data like text and numbers, or multimedia objects such as sounds, to active formats like Java applets or ActiveX components. It would be far more useful if this data were saved to a file. py # Convert all CSV files in a given (using command line argument) folder to XML. A stand-alone converter would be optimal, but a Perl module would also be helpful. December 6, 1999. generateDS - generates Python data structures (for example, class definitions) from an XML Schema document. Load XML, get CSV. However, there is a similar function named etree. txt we have multiple xml files. It provides a full suite of well known enterprise-level persistence patterns, designed for efficient and high-performing database access, adapted into a simple. Both will return the text in a tag, and even the children tags. Assuming you need to add an XML element for every line in text, you can write similar to the following (XLINQ). html # Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. Using pdfminer as a module to convert PDFs can be done with the following steps. Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation. Because the ASCII encoding object returned by the ASCII property uses replacement fallback and the Pi character is not part of the ASCII character set, the Pi character is replaced with a question mark, as the output from the example shows. I you know programming a little, you can adjust the sample codes of this SDK API in Python. Open source software is made better when users can easily contribute code and documentation to fix bugs and add features. XML itself is a metalanguage to design markup languages, i. This free online tool converts from XML to CSV (comma separated values) format. Why XML? I'm talking XML here because I was/am trying to download the actual XML file for an RSS feed I wanted to parse offline. Chapter 31 - Parsing XML with lxml¶ In Part I, we looked at some of Python’s built-in XML parsers. mozilla osl tech Decoding HTML Entities to Text in Python was published on October 08, 2010 Fred Wenzel. ElementTree. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: