Floating License Server

txt, I see you have not SET the XILINXD_LICENSE_FILE to [email protected] End users run client software. Restart/Reread the server to pickup the Golaem Crowd licenses. The instructions for this may vary for each Linux distribution. Perform a Status Enquiry to confirm that the licenses are available: Click the Server Status tab and click the Perform status enquiry button. Volume Licensing Licensing Microsoft Project Server 2016 VIRTUALIZATION A Project Server license must be assigned to a single physical server, and. What I have not been able to figure out is what settings need to be done on the client system to see the license server or to be able to obtain a license. I'm assuming this can be done with the Automation License Manager, but I do not have any documentation on this program. The AWR Design Environment software is installed on each user's computer and configured to look at the license server computer to get a license. For example, your organization could have 2 versions of Solid Edge Premium and 2 versions of Solid Edge Classic. In order to run Visual Paradigm with floating license, you need to install the Visual Paradigm Server (VP Server) program first, and then import the floating license into the server, and finally let Visual Paradigm access the server to acquire license. Information and references for registration, activation and SNL (SOLIDWORKS Network License). This is provided via a software download from the Innovyze Website. It has been replaced by the more flexible Shared License that also enables concurrent testing by splitting the VUs. On the Service/License File tab, select Configuration Using Services. If you choose to use this method, you do not need to have the Intel® Software License Manager running when installing the product. Then you will need to request a floating license from the server. To stop the ADINA Floating License Server, you can click on the "Shutdown" button in the RLM Web Server interface or run the following commands in a Command Prompt window. Keysight provides license management applications to enable you, the customer to install, view, transport, and borrow the licenses you have purchased for use with Keysight products. 4BL4 or later. For setting up a network/floating license server, refer to How to configure my Windows machine as the license server. To use floating licenses, a license server is required and the license key needs to be activated. The machine the Ranorex License Manager is installed on acts as a license server. Floating Downloads at Download That. FLEXnet license server is used to manage floating licenses. Floating or concurrent licensing is often preferred by corporate users since it offers a more flexible and cost-effective solution than node-locked licensing. dat files and use the Environment Variables to point to the licenses. A Floating User is a person who is accessing the Program at any particular point in time. This is the first of a three-part series regarding Leica Geosystems HDS licensing. on the willingness. allegorithmic. Network licensing is a floating license type—the licenses are hosted on a local licensing server allowing the software to be installed on any number of workstations. Floating License. I am trying to develop a licensing system using Rhino-Licensing but there is practically nothing available in terms of sample code or instructions for a floating license server and corresponding code on the client side. License4J Floating License Server serves floating licenses created by LICENSE4J License manager. Once the license is activated, click on (Re) Start License Server. The Golaem Crowd license server, golaem. DOWNLOAD NOW. More than one Citect License may reside on the hardware key attached to a Citect Server, a Citect Client will search the network to find an available Floating License. A multi-user floating license uses a server to issue licenses to remote applications. Then go to Setup -> Server log status and type the IP address of the server in the License serve r field. Also you will learn to set up the floating license for the Quartus® II software v. Short Serial Keys. Click Start Server. In the License Manager window, the content under the tab of Pay-Per-Usage will be explained in the section of Pay-Per-Usage. It allows sharing of licenses between a bigger pool of users within a company/institution. Floating or concurrent licensing is often preferred by corporate users since it offers a more flexible and cost-effective solution than node-locked licensing. Floating License as Server contains all functions mentioned in Stand-alone License. A floating license server needs to be installed on an accessible server and will be responsible for leasing the licenses to HelpNDoc users. Activation of Floating server with Order ID(s) A. Commuter License:-If you want to use your Floating License as Node Locked License then there is an alternate way that Tricentis provides, but what purpose it will serve, let's see. exe (which will autorun if your system is set up to do so). Are “Open Licenses” the same as Enterprise Licenses? No. c:\Program Files. You can find the latest release at License Tool Distribution. KeyShot Pro Floating is the floating license version of KeyShot Pro. Floating or concurrent licensing is often preferred by corporate users since it offers a more flexible and cost-effective solution than node-locked licensing. To use a floating license on another machine on your network (a client machine in licensing terminology) you need to tell it where the license server is using the Foundry Licensing Utility (FLU), the licensing dialog in Foundry applications, or by setting an environment variable. The license server can be configured in Sigasi Studio or using an environment variable. 1+, Shiny Server Pro 1. If the license server IP address of the server machine is 192. How it Works; Animation; KeyShotVR; Network Rendering. Floating Licenses Version 16-Apr-2019 Introduction In addition to its hardware-based tools Lauterbach also provides so-called software-only tools. SW00519305 Server claiming application licenses during push-fields workflow and mismanaging floating license counts in a server group. lic), and the Debug Log file (*. Alternatively the license server is available within most PTC product installers as shown in the video. A floating license is available (floating) anywhere on a network, instead of being tied to specific machines. Capabilities include secure commuter licensing, Internet-hosted licensing, auditing, real time alerts, reporting and analytics. allegorithmic. "Set Port and Server" dialog. These are the important pieces and terminology: • License Server: In a floating license environment, the license server is usually a network. Floating Licenses. Floating licenses only need to be installed on the server machine. 4+, there is experimental support for floating licenses. Floating license. The Geneious free trial licenses are not floating licenses and do not require a license server. Service Name: Please type a new service name. Flex Floating License Server on VM Hello, my name is Filipe Ribeiro and I work at aspid portugal a distributor of Fanfare. Warning: Activating the floating license server requires an Internet access to connect to the license server. The annual subscription price is fully inclusive of all upgrade s , support, maintenance, server software and render nodes. Set the lease duration to the amount of time you want to lease the licenses. Floating licensing stands for a client-server licensing mechanism where clients can dynamically retreive and release their license from another site, where the license server resides. The Floating License Server is expected to be hosted on a dedicated Linux server in the enterprise or in the Cloud. If you already have an RLM license server for another product, download the GenArts settings file here and put it in the RLM directory on your server. Any Time Machine system that would like to get a license from the Floating License Server would define its license host file to point to the Floating License Server. Implement a "soft cutoff", so that your customers are not dead in the water if the licensing mechanism fails (or if the license expires). The ISV server is configured to contain license key validation that is ISV-specific. The annual subscription price is fully inclusive of all upgrade s , support, maintenance, server software and render nodes. We have purchased additional floating licenses for Rational products so that I generated and downloaded a new license key from our Rational License Key Center Account. Floating License Server Command Line Interface. The Geneious free trial licenses are not floating licenses and do not require a license server. The License Server will allow for the exact number of concurrent instances as purchased commercial licenses imported into the License Server. If we don't do that some users will never let go of licenses. The instructions for this may vary for each Linux distribution. Accept the auto-populated Ethernet address. Note: The Silhouette Floating License Server Dongle only works on Windows and Linux. For example, if a 10 seat floating license is sold to an organization, any 10 of the employees of that organization would be able to use the application at any point in time. Floating licensing stands for a client-server licensing mechanism where clients can dynamically retrieve and release their license from another site, where the license server resides. c If you are setting up a Floating License server for the first time and are adding a redundant Floating License server, follow the procedures supplied in this document. Capabilities include secure commuter licensing, Internet-hosted licensing, auditing, real time alerts, reporting and analytics. Is floating license really "floating"? I purchased two sets of AutoCAD 2008 floating licenses recently, but I was told that I could not install AutoCAD on more than 2 clients, I fell it so unreasonable. This is the recommended method of activation. As I said, the floating license model assumes that the server is always available, and this is the requirement that should be always fulfilled. Floating licensing has the flexibility to dispatch licenses as needed and maximize their usage. on the willingness. If the license server IP address of the server machine is 192. Installing, Configuring, and Administrating a FlexNet License Server for Thermo Scientific Software Applications 1 Overview. A floating license system consists of a License Server, Monitor and Protected Apps. c:\Program Files. The software license has now been redeemed and you will receive an e-mail from Keysight with a software license file (*. Using TurboFloat. It enables you to configure the MapInfo License Server and monitor the use of product licenses at your. If the computer running the license server restricts access to ports the you will need to open specific ports on the server computer Firewall. ABViewer 11 Professional > Click OK. I need some direction on how to set it up and. A floating license allows an application to be used on a network, whereas a node-locked license allows a single instance of an application to run on a specific machine. Altium Designer's Private Server licensing offers you floating license capability through implementation of your own dedicated Private License Server. Serial number corresponds to N licenses. Floating Licenses let you have a pool of licenses from which separate installations can draw from. dat files and use the Environment Variables to point to the licenses. A floating license server needs to be installed on an accessible server and will be responsible for leasing the licenses to HelpNDoc users. Set the lease duration to the amount of time you want to lease the licenses. Floating licenses only need to be installed on the server machine. This is called a consolidated license file. The server is now up and running, click on Status and next on Server Status (realgames) for additional information. Floating licensing stands for a client-server licensing mechanism where clients can dynamically retreive and release their license from another site, where the license server resides. Floating licensing stands for a client-server licensing mechanism where clients can dynamically retrieve and release their license from another site, where the license server resides. To activate your trial license, open Geneious and go to Help->Activate License, then check "use license key" and enter your licensee name and the key code you received for your trial license. If there is a previous version of V-Ray License Server installed, the installer will detect it and uninstall it. You must be connected to the license server in order to obtain a license, and must remain in contact (brief losses of contact only are permitted. Floating Clock, License4J Floating License Server, PlusDock, AllWebMenus Floating Menus Add-in, Floating Panel Interface. Installing and configuring the license manager will require a system administrator familiar with such tasks; most of. Add-on modules are purchased products that add additional capabilities to Solid Edge. What is floating license? Floating license is very useful for corporate or academic usage when amount of peoples who use 3D-Coat is more than amount of licenses. Floating License Server release 4. With Floating License Server Manager GUI tool,. A floating license is typically installed on a network server (Windows, Linux, or Solaris) and allows networked client PCs to access the license from the server. Geomatics Server Administration Server Administrator). It does not require specific hardware to function, unless you have a very large number of licenses to control. Floating licensing has the flexibility to dispatch licenses as needed and maximize their usage. It must always be available to workstations where TestComplete instances will run. Any NICE DCV server that can access the RLM server can use the license. MDT ® Professional Edition with Floating License is a perfect solution for every company, that wants to have a fully flexible licensing model. Releasing floating licenses to a license pool A floating license is automatically released back to the pool of available licenses in the following conditions: A user logs out of the client (For example, BMC Remedy Mid Tier, Remedy with SmartIT, and BMC Digital Workplace). Note that the Golaem license server will run only on Golaem supported platforms: Windows or Linux, not Mac OS. How Avid Media Composer Floating License Works Every Media Composer floating license pack purchase comes with easy-to-use Avid Floating License Server software, which allows you to distribute licenses effectively and efficiently across your facility from a single, centralized server. Next, install and configure the FlexNet Licensing Server software on the licensing server, and obtain the license file for the server. When a user moves between two subnets (for example, between two WiFi networks) and the user's PC gets different IP addresses, the Floating License connection is lost. In case your server runs on Windows operating system, TopoGun License Service is recommended over the TopoGun License Server. FME Server Training Locus is a Platinum Value Added Reseller (VAR) for SAFE Software Inc, the developers of FME. The MapInfo License Server Utility is an application that comes with the MapInfo License Server. 5 JRE or higher. Recently we updated the license file, downloaded "Mentor_License_Utility", and successfully installed the license to two dongle machines. The two floating licenses are assigned by the license server as follows: A build starts on the build machine, so a license is given to it; During the build Mike makes changes to the setup project and builds it on his local machine, the second license is assigned to his machine by the license server. A dialog will tell you that the server has started. The cost for an enterprise license is an additional $10 per seat, annually. You can run the ReqView Floating License Server as a Windows service Running as Docker Service. Let's talk about Commuter and Cloud License now. A floating license allows an application to be used on a network, whereas a node-locked license allows a single instance of an application to run on a specific machine. The Floating License Server can't use 32-bit Java on 64-bit systems. The license server port The licensed application uses this port number to initiate communications with the FLS. By default the Flexnet Server will use. Our floating licenses are hosted by SoftwareKey. {"serverDuration": 43, "requestCorrelationId": "007555c6ee5ba196"} KeyShot {"serverDuration": 43, "requestCorrelationId": "007555c6ee5ba196"}. Single Floating License Server instance manages any number of different floating licenses. In order to utilize a concurrent license, you will need to run a license server. For example, if the IP address of the license server machine "myserver" is 123. Using TurboFloat. For setting up a network/floating license server, refer to How to configure my Windows machine as the license server. A Geneious Floating License is provided by a server to clients that can request a license over a network. lic and golaem. For example, if a 10 seat floating license is sold to an organization, any 10 of the employees of that organization would be able to use the application at any point in time. The License Server will allow for the exact number of concurrent instances as purchased commercial licenses imported into the License Server. These are explained in detail in this article, and while you are unlikely to need a floating license, it can be helpful to understand the differences between a floating license and a traditional license. They return to the central location when the software closes. Server Lines. Installation of Floating License Server v12 c. STK network licenses are issued as a set of two license files, including: A server license that will reside on the network server itself and that unlocks the actual STK products and license seat quantities. Actify can provide either 32-bit or 64-bit Floating License Server software; the installation procedure is the same for both. Floating licenses are tied to the machine that is hosting the license server, so that machine's MAC address and host name should be sent to Remcom in order to generate a license. Note that the license key requires activation. How can we replace the existing old license file on the RLKS machine with this newly generated license key containing additional licenses?. The end user IATA application interacts with the license server for ‘leases’ of the floating licenses. If the IDE then connects to the floating license server within 48 hours, one of the following will happen: The issued license will be prolonged, if it is still available. After purchase, you'll receive a pure Java license server. Server side: The License Manager Daemon. The license server must have the provided server dongle installed for a floating licensing to work. It is not necessary to install Solid Edge on a server. Floating License Server includes two components: licenser server itself and a manager GUI tool. All it talks about is windows installation and an administartion console which obviously isn't. If your ZBrush licenses are floating (using your server to manage them) then the Bridge must also be floating. All standart features for a license file can be specified in License Manager GUI and can be used as a floating license by just filling in floating license mandatory fields which are license count (concurrent users) and license server hardware id. If so, a license is then checked out from the pool of licenses. We tried to run the Mentor_License_Utility in pc and it didn't work. Floating License Server is a small server application responsible for hosting and management of floating licenses generated by License4J License Manager. The floating license service use the server leyfi-stats-staging. For use floating license via network, go to the PC that the license is installed in, Open ALM, File, Settings and de-check the check box of "Forbid Remote Use of License Keys". The AIMMS modeling software comes with built-in capabilities to acquire its license from a network license server. I am here again, discussing Tosca Licenses. License Manager: You can use the Mapping and GIS License Manager to: • View floating license information • Add new or updated licenses. Thea Render floating licensing system is comprised of two main elements, the License Server Tool and the License Proxy Tool. and users are able to acquire these floating licenses: Acquired Floating License Leases Displays the list of floating licenses currently acquired from the license server by users on this server. Remote access is not supported for node-locked Evaluation, Gold, Platinum, and Silver licenses. The ReqView Floating License Server is a web service providing floating licenses for ReqView products. Single server - The simplest system to configure, but if the server is unavailable, clients cannot use licensed tools until the fault is rectified. • Change from a single use license to a floating license and vice versa. Next you will learn to set up a floating license server on a Windows workstation. sh for Linux and Mac OS X). Launch the Floating License Configurator. The license is stored on a license server in the network. This allows you to create a horizontal line of sight for figuring out height differences and doing stakeouts. A level is a telescope that can turn 360 degrees. Solution If you have purchased a National Instruments product that includes a licensed redistribution of Xilinx IP, such as the 802. Download the latest Flexnet license server for PTC from our website to ensure you are using the correct version (V11. We provide you a license server software (LM-X from x-formation), and a license file that contains a number of token that can be distributed in your local network. FlexNet Licenses Explained. When Shiny Server Pro starts, it will connect to the license server and obtain a temporary lease, releasing it when Shiny Server Pro is stopped. Select Floating License under Administration section on the left. DS-5 supports single server and three-server floating license installations. License borrowing enables users to “check out” a network license from the license server for a limited time and then “check in” the license when they no longer need it. Floating Seat License Manager, perform the following procedure: 1. Everybody who would like to use JProfiler must have network. Floating license allows to install the program on as many computers as desired and run it, at any one time, on as many systems as the number of licenses purchased indicates. The floating license solution involves the installation of a license server role on an existing server computer within an organization’s IT infrastructure. These are the important pieces and terminology: • License Server: In a floating license environment, the license server is usually a network. License4J Floating License Server serves floating licenses created by LICENSE4J License manager. Your License Manager PC must be a physical computer. Activation of Floating server with Order ID(s) A. Your license file will be loaded into the configurator. If you are using a floating license you will need to download our license tools which includes our specific ISV files and license server. If your network rules restrict internet access (because of a firewall, proxy, etc. How can we help you today? Search How do floating licenses work? You are here: Support Home FAQ How do floating licenses work? < BackMyWorkDrive tracks the number of unique user logins over a floating 30 day period. Altium Designer's Private Server licensing offers you floating license capability through implementation of your own dedicated Private License Server. The Floating License Server is expected to be hosted on a dedicated Linux server in the enterprise or in the Cloud. 1” > Select the required application in the App drop-down list, e. We have purchased additional floating licenses for Rational products so that I generated and downloaded a new license key from our Rational License Key Center Account. Once this is done a client application can use the licenses that are available on the server. 6 and above. Installing C Tech Floating License Client Software Installation Overview. Click on the license type above to know about license features, ordering information and to generate a license. - Use Change floating license server files to add licenses to a server (e. Make sure this license file contains the Server and Vendor lines. Floating License Server software and your existing hardware to establish a single, centralized licensing server—just activate a pack of licenses, tell Media Composer the server address, and the system will automatically request licenses from the server on the internal network. allegorithmic. Network licenses are counted in terms of concurrent users. Any Time Machine system that would like to get a license from the Floating License Server would define its license host file to point to the Floating License Server. If your server is running Windows XP, instead navigate to Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services. A floating license means that a single computer is provided with a number of licenses and acts as a server by issuing these licenses to any other computer that requests one. Update your DISCUS floating internal license by following these instructions: 1. Floating License Server software and your existing hardware to establish a single, centralized licensing server—just activate a pack of licenses, tell Media Composer the server address, and the system will automatically request licenses from the server on the internal network. Floating License Server is an on-premise application that you can install in your company's infrastructure to enable automatic distribution of JetBrains floating licenses. To get a floating license from the SSC, you need to have an internet connection. TurboFloat allows you to add floating licensing (a. More active development and deployment situations where the hourly charge is more of a factor. Remote access is not supported for node-locked Evaluation, Gold, Platinum, and Silver licenses. Floating licenses are different than individual licenses, which are instance-bound (once you license 1 SQL Server instance, you can only move the license under certain conditions, for example, the old server was decommissioned). A software licensing framework. If the license server is functioning, 100 licenses are available. The Client PCs can be Windows or Linux OS. Monthly subscription licenses purchased from solidangle. On the computer that will be your license server, open a Command Prompt (Start – Run – cmd ) Type in: ipconfig /all The LM HostName is reported as the “Host Name”. Floating licensing is a software licensing approach in which a limited number of licenses for a software application are shared among a larger number of users over time. 1 of Pro Cloud Server, Floating License functionality was only offered as an independent Microsoft Windows service. To have executor add-on capabilities via the floating license server, or if you want to choose specific features automatically via the floating license server, please do the following:. Seats One floating license can contain any desired number of seats- depending on how many seats you decided to purchase A. In order to use a software-only tool one or more floating licenses are required. The server license is the exact license used by the floating license manager. Product activation is an anonymous, secure, and hassle-free process designed to deter unlicensed use of SOLIDWORKS and SOLIDWORKS Simulation software. Feature-on-Demand License: Individual licenses are used to activate specific product features and modules. NKLS supports a variety of network licensing, including floating concurrent licenses, roaming licenses, Terminal Server licenses, and ASP. Using this server, you can control access to the licenses, monitor who has them checked out, and check log activity. Adapt the FlexNet License File. Hints: Handling of floating licensed software. Microsoft License Mobility applies specifically to apps that run on Windows Server, and doesn't apply to licenses for the Windows operating system itself. The AWR Design Environment software is installed on each user's computer and configured to look at the license server computer to get a license. 0 ArcGIS License Manager. Up until version 2. In addition—similar to a library— floating licenses can be “checked out” to individual machines, such as a laptop, when. Download RemcomLicensingSetup64. To configure the license server, perform the following steps: To configure the license server, perform the following steps:. This way, multiple users can have the software installed and running with the restriction that no more users/machines than the number of licenses can run the. Floating licenses that can be used by any machine that has access to a particular network server. If you have a student or try-out license, just follow this side and ignore all mentioning of server and client or USB key. Note that the license key requires activation. Floating Licenses. Are “Open Licenses” the same as Enterprise Licenses? No. FLF) on a network server. Floating license—With a floating license, a pool of RGS licenses is purchased. License Server Configuration Ports. This help page shows how to Add a Floating License Firewall Exception. You can enter a server name, the server's network name, or the server's IP address. This is a useful feature for mobile users. In this case, please follow these steps to configure the license server. type of license being used. Because the ZBrush to KeyShot Bridge floating license piggybacks on the RLM server that you already have for ZBrush itself there is no additional set-up fee for the ZBrush to KeyShot Bridge floating seats. The user base check out and check in licenses as they need them. Select the license Manager installation. The license server port The licensed application uses this port number to initiate communications with the FLS. Browse for the location of the previously saved license file, select it and click ‘Open’ to proceed. For instructions, see "Setting Up a New Concurrent License Server" on page 16 of the Flexera Software Product Download and License Guide for InstallAnywhere 2011 and Later (PDF). Any Time Machine system that would like to get a license from the Floating License Server would define its license host file to point to the Floating License Server. To record transverse profiles, use the horizontal circle for setting out right angles. Your license file will be loaded into the configurator. advinstlicenseservercli. Run the Administration Console for CST License Server in one of the following ways: In the Windows notification area click with the right mouse button the CST License Server icon. 0 or ping myserver TCP must be available on both the client and the server machines in order to use a floating license. Floating License. Floating licenses should be activated in the Geneious Floating License Manager, not in Geneious itself. I do have one suggestion regarding licensing -- as a user and developer of licensed software. Verify the products are available by viewing the Floating Server Admin Tool dashboard. ), please contact your network administrator to allow this access. There are two main parts to set up for the floating license: the License Manager and the Li-cense Administrator. com on HTTPS port (443). Editing the hostid field will invalidate your license file. The AWR Design Environment software is installed on each user's computer and configured to look at the license server computer to get a license. Make sure the dongle is plugged in. of the License Manager on two different servers. To use the floating license, you order a bulk number of licenses that can be shared across the entire SBC network. Your initial purchase entitles you to perpetual use of the software, and includes 12 months of software maintenance – access to new software releases/enhancements, our world-class Support team, critical bug fixes, and security patches – from the date of purchase. If you choose to use this method, you do not need to have the Intel® Software License Manager running when installing the product. The license server software is installed with the Foundry Licensing Utility. If the license server IP address of the server machine is 192. I'm assuming this can be done with the Automation License Manager, but I do not have any documentation on this program. If the server already has a FLEXnet license server running, you may choose not to run other automated installers. 6 and above. To determine the type of license that you have, please do the following: Open the license. SECTION 2 - INSTALLING INNOVYZE FLOATING SEAT LICENSE SERVER To maximize the use of the floating license, the license must be inserted into the Innovyze Floating Seat License Server. How do I install my floating license? Applies to: ARM Developer Suite (ADS), DS-5, RealView Development Suite (RVDS), Tool Licensing (License Management) Answer. STK network licenses are issued as a set of two license files, including: A server license that will reside on the network server itself and that unlocks the actual STK products and license seat quantities. FLOATING LICENSE SERVER INSTALLATION. 3 Technical Description. The Innovyze Floating License Server can be installed on real se rver hardware or a Virtual Machine. The client-side IATA application interacts with the license server for leases/seats of the floating licenses. Install the software for floating licenses on the server: unzip the floating. The SnapGene license server uses two TCP ports for communications with SnapGene clients and with the SnapGene license server. Step 8: Enter the number of licenses that should be locked to this server in the "License count (for floating licenses)" field. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: