Python Http Forwarder

Contribute to a growing community of geoscientists building an open foundation for geophysics. 0 (What’s new?structlog makes logging in Python less painful and more powerful by adding structure to your log entries. Learn to Program and Analyze Data with Python. I did it in 2006 as "Writing your own python types in C" and Ned Batchelder did it much better in 2009 as "A Whirlwind Excursion Through Python in C". Flask extension implementing HTTP forwarding. Now, when I look at my previous Python envi. It is easy to create a date representing today’s date using the today() class method. This article describes how to Disable or Enable an IP forwarding in Linux. Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. How to Print in Python. GStreamer Python Bindings Supplement. Start by taking DataCamp’s Intro to Python for Finance course to learn more of the basics. For Python version 3. FX forward Definition. Python; Download; Community; JS Tensorflow. Easily share or embed the code with your changes when you're done. This specification defines the protocol referred to as "HTTP/1. Hi all, As a rustpython developer, I would like to be able to share parts of the python standard library in an easy way. PyMC - Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling toolkit. If you come across any errors please leave a comment below. Next: Getting startedGetting started. "I've been a member of Pobox since '96, and I love it. In working with many software tools, programming languages and operating systems, it is crucial to distinguish between backslash and forward slash. Just being able to go to places isn’t terribly useful. I will also point to resources for you read up on the details. Readers fluent in Japanese and aiming at using Gurobi as a solver are kindly directed to that book. pip is an executable which you can find in \Scripts. The init() method of the class will take care of instantiating constants and variables. In the example below, the Drug Class has a Python method for computing the per-tablet cost of a Drug, using two OWL Properties (which have been renamed in Python, see Associating Python alias name to Properties):. 1, gevent is maintained by Jason Madden for NextThought with help from the contributors and is licensed under the MIT license. 5+ emphasizing simplicity and atomicity of data transformations using a simple directed graph of callable or iterable objects. 7 (a regression introduced in Python 3. Become a Python Programmer and learn one of employer's most requested skills of 2018! This is the most comprehensive, yet straight-forward, course for the Python programming language on Udemy! Whether you have never programmed before, already know basic syntax, or want to learn about the advanced features of Python, this course is for you!. Read why others use gevent and check out the list of the open source projects based on gevent. The goal of this project is to provide a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standards. The backpropagation algorithm is used in the classical feed-forward artificial neural network. 6, f-strings are a great new way to format strings. With a comprehensive curriculum that includes six computer science units and reinforces learning through project-based game development and web development units, kids will progress on a journey from basic. The Python API can be installed through 'pip' using: Bloomberg Professional Services connect decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas. The AI Programming with Python Nanodegree program is comprised of content and curriculum to support two (2) projects. Traceback (most recent call last): File "broken. Automation is a high priority for us. Our network has 2 inputs, 3 hidden units, and 1 output. Learn how to setup OpenCV-Python on your computer! Gui Features in OpenCV Here you will learn how to display and save images and videos, control mouse events and create trackbar. forward() end else print ("Did not specify distance. tfileme Posted 05/17/2013 Python works perfect. Example Python Scripts for SecureCRT ® for Windows and Mac. This function has to be called explicitly (it is not used by the turtle graphics classes). The Python Papers is nearing the end of its 2nd year and our continued challenge is to expand its outreach, especially into index databases, online repositories and libraries. Their routers are generally reliable, fast and easy to configure. A constructor is a special kind of method that Python calls when it instantiates an object using the definitions found in your class. 6, and all the goodies you normally find in a Python installation, PythonAnywhere is also preconfigured with loads of useful libraries, like NumPy, SciPy, Mechanize, BeautifulSoup, pycrypto, and many others. Note that in python indentation is very important and it is fussy about tabs and spaces!. Typically, unsetting context happens within an integration. Rais, in Japanese, published in 2012 by Kindaikagakusha in Tokyo. 8, and Tim's surgical patch for earlier versions except that doing so would not address the main concern of issue36274, which addresses a migration concern from Python 2. CodeCombat helps all educators teach students how to code in either JavaScript or Python, two of the most popular programming languages. The lead developer is Kenneth Reitz, who is also a member of the Python Software Foundation. Below is a simple example of a dashboard created using Dash. We are now in the process of copying libraries from the cpython sourcecode base into our source re…. restful-based web services python-lazr. Moving them in is indenting. Python is a powerful, scalable, and expressive language. 62, we support both Python 2 and Python 3. Introduction Dealing with HTTP requests is not an easy task in any programming language. Introduction. co/w6LHtx0oHn | 18+ Shooters - https://t. The default hander will make an HTTP request to a specified URL when provided with a dictionary that contains the HTTP method, URL, headers, and body. Forward computation can include any control flow statements of Python without lacking the ability of backpropagation. Experimenting with Python Python is available on just about every modern operating system. 8282), all requests 404. Main advantage of python’s SimpleHTTPServer is you don’t need to install anything since you have python interpreter installed. Python functions can specify their arguments with a keyword. Search this site. It was developed with a focus on enabling fast experimentation. This is just like the Netcat but with security in mind. Tkinter Open File. It can be used to intercept, inspect, modify and replay web traffic such as HTTP/1, HTTP/2, WebSockets, or any other SSL/TLS-protected protocols. There are two membership operators as explained below −. It's interactive, fun, and you can do it with your friends. The Python API can be installed through 'pip' using: Bloomberg Professional Services connect decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas. It is the technique still used to train large deep learning networks. A Hidden Markov Model for Regime Detection By now you're probably wondering how we can apply what we have learned about hidden Markov models to quantitative finance. This is not an installation manual. The Python community is a friendly group and face-to-face contact is important to convey the human aspect of Python. X as well as Python 2. stop() method or using it as a context. Deep learning tutorial on Caffe technology : basic commands, Python and C++ code. This is just like the Netcat but with security in mind. Python(x,y) is a free scientific and engineering development software for numerical computations, data analysis and data visualization based on Python programming language, Qt graphical user interfaces and Spyder interactive scientific development environment. Not only are. The light forwarder is a full Splunk Enterprise instance with certain features that have been disabled to achieve a smaller resource footprint. py is in the public domain; you can use it for whatever purpose with absolutely no restrictions. Python's built-in "re" module provides excellent support for regular expressions, with a modern and complete regex flavor. so you don't have the same issue (unable to resolve http. ip_forward = 1 Currently, the output number 1 indicates that the IP forwarding is enabled. We write every guide with the practitioner in mind, and we don’t want to flood you with options. I want to write some scripts for experiments with Lightning. Similar questions have suggested using pykdl_utils instead, but I see that that package last existed in hydro. In this series, you will learn how to create modern web applications with Python, Flask, and Angular. As the first step, we built an integration with Michelangelo, Uber’s existing ML platform, that makes serving arbitrary Python-based models at scale for online or offline use cases as easy as requesting a ride. Here's a way to remember which one is which. GStreamer Python Bindings Supplement. Any other OpenVPN protocol compatible Server will work with it too. Escape characters (also called escape sequences or escape codes) are used to signal an alternative interpretation of a series of characters. If you enjoyed working through this article, feel free to share it and if you have any questions or comments leave them in the section below. Welcome to Statsmodels's Documentation¶ statsmodels is a Python module that provides classes and functions for the estimation of many different statistical models, as well as for conducting statistical tests, and statistical data exploration. I have a list like this:. Python doesn't have a native array data structure, but it has the list which is much more general and can be used as a multidimensional array quite easily. Forward¶ Forward. Think of SCons as an improved, cross-platform substitute for the classic Make utility with integrated functionality similar to autoconf/automake and compiler caches such as ccache. mitmproxy is your swiss-army knife for debugging, testing, privacy measurements, and penetration testing. Useful in systems modeling to calculate the effects of model inputs or exogenous factors on outputs of interest. $$ \begin{align}z^{(2)} = XW^{(1. Data are generally stored in excel file formats like CSV, TXT, Excel etc. Python is a great language for beginners, but when you want to give your application a graphical interface, you'll need to learn to use a GUI framework. python27 - A release of Python 2. If you want to learn more about Go check out the blog posts listed below. Muramatsu, and A. To reindex means to conform the data to match a given set of labels along a particular axis. 3 can be programmed using Python and the SimPy simulation library[1]. We are going to explor Python from the. request, GET and POST, form, and route in flask May 13 2016 posted in Python regression with forward variable. ip_forward = 1 Currently, the output number 1 indicates that the IP forwarding is enabled. 0 - June 27, 2018. 0 cannot be used on Windows XP or earlier. ; As stated in earlier tutorials, the print function tells Python to immediately display a given string once the command is executed. Otherwise, it won't be. ; As stated in earlier tutorials, the print function tells Python to immediately display a given string once the command is executed. future provides a more complete set of support for Python 3's features, including backports of Python 3 builtins such as the bytes object (which is very different to Python 2's str object) and several standard library modules. If you enjoyed working through this article, feel free to share it and if you have any questions or comments leave them in the section below. transparent use of a GPU – Perform data-intensive computations much faster than on a CPU. Python is an open source programming language that was made to be easy-to-read and powerful. API Forwarder. forward(100) and backward(100) tells the turtle to move forward or backward 100 pixels. Making a new release of software that is backwards incompatible is a high risk strategy. Coombs (jaraco) *. Related Course: Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python 3. This project aims to simplify the preparation of accurate electromagnetic head models for EEG forward modeling. In this guide, we will be setting up a simple WSGI application served by uWSGI. Below is a simple example of a dashboard created using Dash. Instances have attributes for year, month, and day. In Windows you may be able to double click on the icon for triangle. The backpropagation algorithm is used in the classical feed-forward artificial neural network. Given its fairly structured nature, I thought it would be fairly straight forward to map these structures to a web form equivalent (it wasn't too hard). The universal forwarder differs from the light forwarder in the following ways:. Assignment operators are used in Python to assign values to variables. 3 in ArcGIS Desktop-Python 2 End of Support Countdown -ArcGIS 10. The most popular machine learning library for Python is SciKit Learn. This is a detailed, simple, and straight-forward course for beginners on the Python 3 programming language to learn the basics of Python 3. It is intended to serve as a template for translation of the docstrings into different languages. with my forwarding server so I don't have to log in. Data is at the heart of our digital economy and Data Science has been ranked as the hottest profession of the 21st century. OpenCV provides a very simple interface to this. dispy is a comprehensive, yet easy to use framework for creating and using compute clusters to execute computations in parallel across multiple processors in a single machine (SMP), among many machines in a cluster, grid or cloud. Let's Code; Reference. In just three lines of code, you can get an LED. To fulfill these needs, we developed Michelangelo PyML, a platform that enables rapid Python ML model development. Python does not come with a way to edit files, so you will need to download an IDE like the free Wing 101 IDE. IANA has specified that Port 80 is used for HTTP. Even when the domain doesn't appear in the MAIL FROM, it is the domain that *would* appear in the MAIL FROM if the forwarder did SRS. el' - no local version-control tools needed. 10 seconds. The AI Programming with Python Nanodegree program is comprised of content and curriculum to support two (2) projects. Write a function called increment_date that takes a Date object, date, and an integer, n, and returns a new Date object that represents the day n days after date. Port forwarding and redirecting can often come in handy when you're operating a network, even a small one. Python for Informatics: Remixing an Open Book It is quite natural for academics who are continuously told to “publish or perish” to want to always create something from scratch that is their own fresh creation. request, GET and POST, form, and route in flask May 13 2016 posted in Python regression with forward variable. python27 - A release of Python 2. A Dutch programmer named Guido van Rossum made Python in 1991. findall() Python Flags Many Python Regex Methods and Regex functions take an optional argument called Flags. This was written for the express purpose of redirecting an HTTP connection to an HTTPS server, but will happily redirect to any URL. The askopenfilename function to creates an file dialog object. It is easy to create a date representing today’s date using the today() class method. This tutorial covers regression analysis using the Python StatsModels package with Quandl integration. config lines with contents as follows: Starting/stopping Start the application at command line with 'sudo python port-forward. This includes major modes for editing Python, C, C++, Java, etc. In fact, instead of a configuration file, you could just replace the __main__ part with something like :. Jasmin is a very complete open source SMS Gateway with many enterprise-class features such as: * SMPP Client / Server * HTTP Client / Server * Console-based configuration, no service restart required * Based on AMQP broker for store&forward mechanisms and other queuing systems * Using Redis for in-memory DLR tracking and billing * Advanced message routing/filtering (Simple. I wanted to run a Linux or Unix external program. Usage scenarios. This is how I had my Python server set up, and it worked perfectly. Python 3 is a large leap forward. Tous les snippets Snippets Python Http forwarder. ParaView offers a rich and powerful Python interface. Python's time module has a handy function called sleep(). OpenCV provides a very simple interface to this. gevent was written by Denis Bilenko. Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn how to connect to the PostgreSQL database server in Python program using psycopg database adapter. The following are code examples for showing how to use zmq. 7 and the recent Python 3. Graphene framework for Python. Some of our examples use nginx server. Just being able to go to places isn’t terribly useful. so you don't have the same issue (unable to resolve http. No files for this release. The asyncore module This module provides a “reactive” socket implementation. kubectl port-forward allows using resource name, such as a pod name, to select a matching pod to port forward to since Kubernetes v1. From here, you can view the contents of the. Python is a high level open source scripting language. After reading this article… You will have a great example of forging Python in penetration testing and you may use or tune the code for a real world case. About Cntlm proxy. On Windows, you need to install one special Python package, windows-curses available on PyPI to add support. The above value is read from the Linux proc file system and more precisely. 0 (What’s new?structlog makes logging in Python less painful and more powerful by adding structure to your log entries. A selection of snippets and a range of premade images and music give you a helping hand with your code. #!/usr/bin/env python """ Just forwards HTTP requests from an IP whitelisted server to. StudyBlue is the largest crowdsourced study library, with over 400 million flashcards, notes and study guides from students like you. Otherwise, it won't be. 5 Cross language polymorphism. Python is a strongly typed language with dynamic semantics. The most obvious language difference is the print statement in Python 2 became a print function in Python 3. 5+ emphasizing simplicity and atomicity of data transformations using a simple directed graph of callable or iterable objects. Note the turtle is currently heading to the right (i. Contribute to a growing community of geoscientists building an open foundation for geophysics. (Answer is yes, it won't work if you have not port forwarded and DMZ'd) Your router has filters that block ports. 3) Python. The light forwarder is a full Splunk Enterprise instance with certain features that have been disabled to achieve a smaller resource footprint. When people need to rewrite their software, or maintain separate versions of their source code to support both versions of a language or a framework, the risk is that they never make the transition and stay on the old version forever, or worse, that they switch to another framework. OpenCV provides a very simple interface to this. PyCLIPS is an extension module for the Python language that embeds full CLIPS functionality in Python applications. This live programming mode of Python Tutor (code on GitHub) supports three languages: Python 2. Action Chains¶. For example, I would like to call an external program called /bin/date with my python script and get the output on screen or store in a variable. The Rule 1) Event Post not organized by the user group will be moderated 2) Product post not related to. co/w6LHtx0oHn | 18+ Shooters - https://t. Introduction. Python for Informatics: Remixing an Open Book It is quite natural for academics who are continuously told to “publish or perish” to want to always create something from scratch that is their own fresh creation. If you like a bootcamp style course to learn Python then this free course is for you. It can be used to intercept, inspect, modify and replay web traffic such as HTTP/1, HTTP/2, WebSockets, or any other SSL/TLS-protected protocols. Selenium WebDriver. Iodide is a tool for data science experimentation and. Python is a popular and a powerful scripting language that can do everything, you can perform web scraping, networking tools, scientific tools, Raspberry PI programming, Web development, video games, and much more. We won’t be saying goodbye to Python anytime soon, but going forward all performance-intensive code will be written in Go. forward(…) and turtle. Selenium WebDriver Installation. Python is one of the top programming languages in the world and continues to grow. Exercise 16. MELPA (Milkypostman’s Emacs Lisp Package Archive). Introduction. y(self)"? it's not the same thing, and breaks down the day you start to use inheritance. Amazon S3 can send an event to a Lambda function when an object is created or deleted. On Windows, you need to install one special Python package, windows-curses available on PyPI to add support. Port Forwarding Made Simple. Keeping your ClearPath Forward™ system in its rightful place at the core of your operations relies in no small part on your ability to make it an attractive environment for younger programmers. A constructor is a special kind of method that Python calls when it instantiates an object using the definitions found in your class. • therefore, if our goal is to infer only one particular fact, the forward chaining inference technique would not be efficient. UPDATE!: my Fast Image Annotation Tool for Caffe has just been released ! Have a look ! Caffe is certainly one of the best frameworks for deep learning, if not the best. SCons is an Open Source software construction tool—that is, a next-generation build tool. This article describes how to Disable or Enable an IP forwarding in Linux. 8, and Tim's surgical patch for earlier versions except that doing so would not address the main concern of issue36274, which addresses a migration concern from Python 2. Try the regular Python Tutor visualizer for additional language support. It can be used for adding encryption to legacy applications , going through firewalls , and some system administrators and IT professionals use it for opening backdoors into the internal network from their home. A Dutch programmer named Guido van Rossum made Python in 1991. 2, so I have less confidence in Pexpect on Python 1. Most packages are compatible with Emacs and XEmacs. Selenium WebDriver with Python Cheat Sheet This blog article lists Python Selenium WebDriver commands which are helpful to automate Web Application Testing. bat file in windows. The goals of the chapter are to introduce SimPy, and to hint at the experiment design and analysis issues that will be covered in later chapters. Whether the documents are created on the fly by a CGI script or in advance by a batch production system, the most common approach is to execute a sequence of print statements that create the HTML document one line at a time. seaborn - a Python visualization library based on matplotlib. Muramatsu, and A. This means that an incoming packet that says port number 80 must be a request intended for a web server. As the first step, we built an integration with Michelangelo, Uber’s existing ML platform, that makes serving arbitrary Python-based models at scale for online or offline use cases as easy as requesting a ride. Deep learning tutorial on Caffe technology : basic commands, Python and C++ code. Subscribe. Python doesn't have a native array data structure, but it has the list which is much more general and can be used as a multidimensional array quite easily. feed_forward; Source code for nn. This includes major modes for editing Python, C, C++, Java, etc. There are two kinds of port forwarding: local and remote forwarding. On Windows, you need to install one special Python package, windows-curses available on PyPI to add support. Online Python (with Turtle) compiler, Online Python (with Turtle) IDE, and online Python (with Turtle) REPL. If you want to protect clients in your internal network, put them behind a forward proxy. forward(100) and backward(100) tells the turtle to move forward or backward 100 pixels. I'll be showing you how to use the turtle function today!By the way this is my first instructables!. Searching for “Python CMS” will lead you to many good projects to get up and running with a tool to create articles, blog posts, and other content-y things. Learn Python online: Python tutorials for developers of all skill levels, Python books and courses, Python news, code examples, articles, and more. API Forwarder. In this tutorial, you have learned how to build a simple Python Django web application, wrap it in a production grade web server, and created a Docker container to execute your web server process. Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be used for many kinds of software development. This post introduces Flask-Ask, a new Python micro-framework that significantly lowers the bar for developing Alexa skills. Note that Python 3. Stream still leverages Python for our dashboard, site and machine learning for personalized feeds. A constructor is a special kind of method that Python calls when it instantiates an object using the definitions found in your class. Ultimately, users will list list trusted forwarders by domain. With Python versions 2. Visualize Execution Live Programming Mode. (Answer is yes, it won't work if you have not port forwarded and DMZ'd) Your router has filters that block ports. How do I configure UNIX or Linux system to act as TCP port forwarder without using firewall? How do I install socat ( SOcket CAT ) multipurpose relay for bidirectional data transfer under Linux? You can use the utility called socat (SOcket CAT). When people need to rewrite their software, or maintain separate versions of their source code to support both versions of a language or a framework, the risk is that they never make the transition and stay on the old version forever, or worse, that they switch to another framework. In this tutorial, you have learned how to build a simple Python Django web application, wrap it in a production grade web server, and created a Docker container to execute your web server process. Read why others use gevent and check out the list of the open source projects based on gevent. Written by Monty Python, directed by Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones. It takes the original fp number, which is generally represented internally as an IEEE 754 floating point value, and converts it to an twos completment integer representing the floor of the value. September 19, 2019 at 2:02 am. Let's Code; Reference. seaborn - a Python visualization library based on matplotlib. Hence, it is vital to develop simpler and more efficient modules for accessing the Web when using Python. The Juypter project was spun out of IPython's "Notebook" feature and, while supporting a variety of languages, is primarily associated with Python and IPython's interactive interface. It implements EM algorithm for Gaussian mixtures (including full matrix covariances), BIC criterion for clustering. Tous les snippets Snippets Python Http forwarder. In order to be forward compatible, function annotations in Python 3 code should preferably use PEP 484 syntax. This live programming mode of Python Tutor (code on GitHub) supports three languages: Python 2. Here are some examples: done() tells Python that we’ve finished programming the turtle. Thanks to the Python Script from [email protected] Eve is powered by Flask and Cerberus and it offers native support for MongoDB data stores. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. People often refer to forward slashes as backslashes, especially when referring to URLs. Interacting with the page¶. There are various compound operators in Python like a += 5 that adds to the variable and later assigns the same. I want to write some scripts for experiments with Lightning. Hence, the polymorphism runs unrestricted. Using tools such as SIP it is relatively straight forward to create an extension module that encapsulates an existing C or C++ library. sshtunnel - Initiate SSH tunnels via a remote gateway. I was heading training and organisation development for Company at that time. Languages vary on how scope works, but we'll stick with python. Translations. Meet Python. Most packages are compatible with Emacs and XEmacs. HTTP forwarding is how Fleischwolf handles mass queries of documents. With two current versions: 2. My teacher explained that we'd be learning a programming language called "Logo", which would let you control an imaginary "turtle" with a pen attached to its tail to draw pictures and packets. Python is a strongly typed language with dynamic semantics. Even when the domain doesn't appear in the MAIL FROM, it is the domain that *would* appear in the MAIL FROM if the forwarder did SRS. Here are some examples: done() tells Python that we’ve finished programming the turtle. This Python version provides various new features and enhancements, including a new ordered dictionary type, faster I/O operations, and improved forward compatibility with Python 3. It allows both publishers and subscribers to be moving parts and it self becomes the stable hub for interconnecting them. After you install Wing (or whatever) your Python IDE probably is going to point to an older version of Python that your Mac comes with. Moving them out is dedenting (or deindenting). A selection of snippets and a range of premade images and music give you a helping hand with your code. It was developed with a focus on enabling fast experimentation. Make and share study materials, search for recommended study content from classmates, track progress, set reminders, and create custom quizzes. The biggest change in Selenium recently has been the inclusion of the WebDriver API. After reading this article… You will have a great example of forging Python in penetration testing and you may use or tune the code for a real world case. If you use Python 3 and find other issues with the code please leave a comment. Most of the print statements in this script were commented out initially, which were uncommented throughout the video. Release v19. One of the most fundamental data structures in any language is the array. py", line 3, in x TypeError: unbound method must be called with class instance 1st argument but maybe you meant "a. Pyodide is an experimental project from Mozilla to create a full Python data science stack that runs entirely in the browser. Trinkets work instantly, with no need to log in, download plugins, or install software. Searching for “Python CMS” will lead you to many good projects to get up and running with a tool to create articles, blog posts, and other content-y things. In this guide, we will be setting up a simple WSGI application served by uWSGI. Eve is an open source Python REST API framework designed for human beings. Not only can you perform all of the same likelihood analysis with the python tools that you can with the standard command line tools but you can directly access all of the model parameters. Below is a simple example of a dashboard created using Dash. __repr__,Break and Continue Statements,. Python functions can specify their arguments with a keyword. Create your free Platform account to download our ready-to-use ActivePython or customize Python with any packages you require. Subscribe to our IoT newsletter. If we talk about Python, it comes with two built-in modules, urllib and urllib2, to handle HTTP related operation. This means you don't have to manually add query strings to URLs, or form-encode your POST data. 62, we support both Python 2 and Python 3. normpath() The trick is to enter all of your filename strings using forward slashes, and then let os. Python Data Analysis Library¶ pandas is an open source, BSD-licensed library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools for the Python programming language. pandas is a NumFOCUS sponsored project. This is how I had my Python server set up, and it worked perfectly. Python’s re Module. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: